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Arab League Countries

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An Annotated Bibliography on Trauma, Mental Health, and Primary Health Care in the Middle East

by Noor Amawi, PsyD., Richard F. Mollica, MD., James Lavelle, LICSW, Ossama Osman, MD., Laeth Nasir, MD.

Information regarding the bibliography will be published in September 2014 in the following article:

Amawi, N., Mollica, R., Lavelle, J., Osman, O., Nasir, L. (2014). Overview of Research on the Mental Health Impact of Violence in The Middle East in Light of The Arab Spring. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 202(9)

This is a baseline of published research in the trauma field by Arab researchers. It highlights ground-breaking attempts by Arab researchers to investigate the mental health impact of violence in their countries prior to theArab Spring. Peer reviewed articles (N=157) were identified through computerized searches: PubMed, PsychInfo, Google Scholar, and Pilots Database, 1995-2012. A synopsis of the published research included: 1) country, 2) screening instruments, 3) sample size, 4) methods, 5) and results. Findings reveal domestic violence attracted most attention after civil strife in Palestine and Lebanon. Torture survivors and victims of sexual violence received little attention. Study instruments were borrowed from Western researchers without being validated within local Arab cultures. No clinical outcome studies were found. In light of the Arab Spring, it is urgent that Arab researchers conduct studies that are evidence based and culturally valid addressing the mental health care of all traumatized citizens.